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Florence Travel Guide


Founded in the first century A.D and originally called Florentia, Florence is a classical city of Italy famous for its beautiful squares, churches, palaces and monuments. The city’s art, culture and trade flourished in the period between the 13th and 15th century under the rule of Medici rulers. The UNESCO recognized world heritage site is home to the most important art collections of the Renaissance period. Nestled between the Tuscan Apennines, the city is located on river Arno and one of the most sought after destinations in Italy; where you can tread in the paths where once Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Dante and many others threaded.

 

MAJOR ATTRACTIONS IN FLORENCE:

 

UFFIZI GALLERY:

The oldest and the most important gallery in Italy and home to the exhibits from the 13th century to the 19th century, Uffizi gallery is simply exquisite. It was opened to the public in the 17th century and the main highlight of the gallery is Botticelli’s ‘The Birth of Venus’.

 

GALLERIA DELL ACCADEMIA:

The main highlights of the gallery include; Michelangelo’s ‘Statue of David’; which was graved from a single piece of marble and ‘The Gallery of Plaster’. The gallery is one of the most important treasures of Italian art and sculptures and a must visit in Florence.

 

CATHEDRAL S. MARIA DEL FIORE (FLORENCE CATHEDRAL):

The vast gothic building standing tall over the city was named in the honour of Santa Maria Del Fiore. The building which started in the late 13th century took almost two centuries to complete with its majestic dome later designed and added to the structure by Filippo Brunelleschi in the 15th century. Giotto’s Bell Tower, the crypt of Santa Reparata, Opera Museum and the Baptistery of S. Giovanni are also located in the vicinity.

 

SANTA MARIA NOVELLA:

The gothic church is one of the very few churches which have maintained its original and well preserved facade through the centuries. It was built between 1279 and 1357 by the Dominican Friars. The exterior is designed by Fra Jacopo Talenti and Leon Battista Alberti and the interior includes masterpieces including; Masaccio’s Trinita, Ghirlandaio’s Tornabuoni Chapel and Giotto’s Crucifix.

 

BASILICA OF SANTA CROCE:

It was rebuilt for the Franciscan order in 1294 by Arnolfo di Cambio. The gothic building serves as a burial place for Michelangelo, Machiavelli, Galileo Galilei, Rossini, Leonardo Bruni, Carlo Marsuppini, Vittorio Alfieri, Ugo Foscolo and other great and good in Florence. In the 19th century a new bell tower and a marble facade were added to the church.

 

BASILICA DI SAN LORENZO:

The church of San Lorenzo is the best place to see the works of the great Michelangelo. Here you can see his sculptures for the tombs of Lorenzo and Giuliano Medici in the New Sacristy and great examples of Mannerist architecture in the Biblioteca Laurenziana along with an unfinished facade. The present form of the church was built by Filippo Brunelleschi in 1419. The church also serves as a burial place for Medici.

 

SANTA MARIA DEL CARMINE (CHAPEL BRANCACCI):

Most of this church was destroyed in a fire in 1771 leaving behind only the Brancacci and Corsini Chapels. The main highlights of the church include frescoes designed by Masaccio which depict a very fine description of Adam and Eve’s expulsion from paradise and St. Peter’s healing miracles.

 

OTHER ATTRACTIONS IN FLORENCE:

They include; Galleria dello Spedale Degli Innocenti, Palazzo Vecchio, Palazzo Pitti, Museo Galileo, Villa Gamberaia, Tuscan Wine Tour, Italian Coffee, Cappuccino and Latte Art Courses, Ponte Vecchio, San Lorenzo Market, Piazza di San Giovanni, Piazza Della Repubblica, Piazza Della Signoria, II Duomo, Chiesa di Santo Spirito, Chiesa Santa Maria dei Ricci, Piazzale Michelangelo and River Arno.